Community Safety Partnerships (CSP)
Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) are made up of representatives from the following organisations:
- local authorities
- fire and rescue authorities
- probation service
The responsible authorities work together to protect their local communities from crime and to help people feel safer. They work out how to deal with local issues like anti-social behaviour, drug or alcohol misuse and reoffending. They annually assess local crime priorities and consult partners and the local community about how to deal with them.
See here for a list of the Community Safety Partnerships: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/community-safety-partnerships-contact-details
Local authorities are responsible for delivery of services in their area.
The local authority (or council) has a wide range of powers available to help address anti-social behaviour. They will have teams whose responsibility it is to deal with nuisance behaviour that is not criminal.
Various functions of the local authority can contribute to tackling anti-social behaviour:
- Education and youth services
- Social services
- Legal services
- Housing department
- Environmental health and environmental services/cleansing
- Community safety units.
Preventing crime and disorder
Under s17(1) of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, local authorities, amongst others* have a duty to exercise their functions with ‘due regard’ to the need to prevent crime and disorder in their area.
This legislation places a duty on those organisations that fall within its ambit to do all they reasonably can to prevent crime and disorder in their area.
Its underpinning rationale is simple: levels of crime and disorder are influenced by the policies, decisions and practices of agencies and organisations working in a locality. Thus, specified organisations should routinely consider the implications for crime and disorder as they carry out their day-to-day business.
*s17 also applies to police authorities, National Park Authorities, the Broads Authority, police, The Greater London Authority, The London Development Agency, Transport for London and others working in the field of crime and disorder.
Police and Community Support Officers
The police service is a key partner in tackling anti-social behaviour. They act as a highly visible deterrent to perpetrators, and provide reassurance through their presence to communities.
Community beat officers
Community beat officers have responsibility for working with partners at a community level to develop sustainable solutions to anti-social behaviour problems. For example they might refer neighbours who are involved in a dispute to the local mediation service, or ensure that a young person involved in youth disorder is able to access local initiatives such as a youth inclusion programme.
Police community support officers
Police community support officers (PCSOs) are employed by the police to tackle anti-social behaviour in the community and improve the quality of life there. They provide a visible patrolling presence and an effective crime deterrent.
PCSOs spend much of their time on patrol in communities, and can be approached with any questions or worries you have about anti-social behaviour or crime in an area.
They have a range of powers, for example they can issue fixed penalty tickets for minor anti-social behaviour and demand the name and address of a person acting in an anti-social manner. They may also confiscate alcohol being consumed in a public place, and seize vehicles that are being used to potentially harm other people.
For more information go to http://www.police.uk/
Registered Social Landlords
Landlords play a very important part in tackling anti-social behaviour, and tenants and others living in a neighbourhood rightly expect their landlords to act swiftly to stop behaviour that makes people’s lives a misery. The extent to which the landlord can reasonably be expected to have a neighbourhood responsibility/involvement will tend to depend on how much of a local presence it has.
The Homes and Communities Agency Regulatory Framework requires registered providers to publish a policy on how they work with relevant partners to prevent and tackle anti-social behaviour in areas where they own properties.
In some circumstances it will be appropriate to contact the landlord, for example where:
- A tenant of a social landlord, or someone who lives with or is visiting a tenant, is suffering anti-social behaviour that is in some way linked to that property or neighbourhood. It doesn’t matter whether the person causing the trouble is a tenant, a local resident or a visitor.
- The person causing the trouble is a tenant of a social landlord, or lives with or visits a tenant of a social landlord. It doesn’t matter whether the victim is a tenant or not.
Social landlords include;
- housing authorities
- registered social landlords
- housing cooperatives
- housing action trusts.
Social landlords have a wide range of powers to help them deal with anti-social behaviour that takes place in or is related to the homes they supply. However, these are powers rather than duties, and it is up to the social landlord to decide how best to deal with individual cases.
Private landlords differ widely from individuals renting out one property to large property owners. As such, their response to reports of anti-social behaviour is variable and we recommend going to the Local Authority or Police as appropriate in the first instance rather than potentially wasting time attempting to get a private landlord involved.