Two weeks ago I had the privilege of leading a workshop at the Resolve ASB annual conference on “Putting Victims First”. I co-led the workshop with an ASB practitioner from Greater Manchester who is passionate about putting victims first and led the section on how we do that practically. Her casual mention of the fact she asks people “can you read or write?” before she leaves them with a diary really struck me.
Diaries are a classic way to start gathering evidence in cases of anti-social behaviour. Yet, I wonder how many practitioners do ask that question: “Can you read and write?” It might seem an unnecessary question but it really got me thinking. Whilst the UK boosts 99% literacy, it is widely recognised that more than 1% of the population are functionally illiterate and struggle with reading information from unfamiliar sources or on unfamiliar topics.
There are also people whose second language is English who may particularly struggle to write in English. What struck me with Janice’s comment was how aware she was of all the hurdles that could be placed in front of a victim of anti-social behaviour. She showed through and through a victims-first approach.
Hurdles to reporting ASB
Anti-social behaviour is under-reported, and sometimes when it is reported, action is not taken nor is the victim taken seriously. How many of the most vulnerable in our society are in those two categories – either they find the whole experience of trying to report an incident of anti-social behaviour too overwhelming, or once they pluck up the courage, they may struggle to clearly articulate the problem and are fobbed off or ignored. Or sent a letter with further information which they find incomprehensible due to unfamiliar terms and an overload of jargon …
Speaking at a Surrey ASB Practitioners Forum last month, I urged delegates to keep their communication clear, remove jargon, and take time to explain unfamiliar processes such as the court system. It can be easy to forget that victims have no clue about all this.
At that forum I was challenged by someone about how accessible we as a charity really are. She commented that only a small proportion of victims of ASB would have access to the Internet to find our website, and then only a small proportion of them would be able to read through the content we have there. I feel that is harsh and unfair. 92% of the UK population has access to the Internet and we have sought to make our information as clear as possible for victims. Yes, they need to be able to read, though they may have advocates who can access the information and share it with them. Unfortunately anti-social behaviour is such a complex topic that it cannot be simplified too much – we are keen not to mislead victims that it is easy to define and easy to resolve. Usually it is not.
Yet this is a good question to keep holding out there: “Can you read and write?” We are a small charity and are aware that we cannot yet reach the most vulnerable in our society who do not have access to the Internet and cannot read English. Yet it is worth remembering, anti-social behaviour can hit anyone, anywhere – it is not just areas of deprivation – and therefore we believe there are still many people who can benefit from our resource. For those who are isolated, our hope is that someone somewhere will listen and connect them to the help and advice they need. That when they pick up the phone to report the problem, the official at the other end listens carefully, chooses to put the victim first and takes prompt action to help them.
Tips for Putting Victims First
Janice’s tips for how to keep victims in the centre were:
- Prioritise going to talk to the victim after they call in to report the ASB (in the next couple of days, not a week next Thursday! Note: visit, not write)
- Empathise and really listen to what they are sharing
- Do not downplay what they say but ensure they feel that you care about the effect the behaviour is having on them (such as sleep deprivation, effect on work/school performance, health impact, fear, anxiety, isolation, etc.)
- Clearly explain what you plan to do, what you can do and what you can’t do to help them
- Check in with them on an ongoing basis to see how they are coping and whether the behaviour has improved if a warning has been given